Mahmood Kooria is a postdoctoral fellow at the School of Middle Eastern Studies, Leiden University Institute for Area Studies. He works under the HERA-funded project USPPIP. Before this, he was a joint research fellow at the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS) and African Studies Centre (ASC), Leiden. He did his PhD at the Leiden University Institute for History on the circulation of Islamic legal ideas and texts across the Indian Ocean and Eastern Mediterranean worlds. He pursued his undergraduate and post-graduate studies at Darul Huda Islamic University, University of Calicut, Jawaharlal Nehru University. He has published a few articles and has edited a volume with Michael Pearson entitled Malabar in the Indian Ocean World: Cosmopolitanism in a Maritime Historical Region (Oxford University Press, in press).