Despite rich Islamic artistic traditions, people tend to portray Islam as hostile to visual culture. Yet images often inform the ways in which Muslims negotiate religious authority. Practices of image-making in Indonesia and Malaysia illustrate this.
Ahmad Khatib played a vital role in the development of Islam in the Netherlands East Indies. Last July, Yasrul Huda and Nico Kaptein visited the village in Sumatra where he was born in 1860, in an effort to find traces of his legacy. This is their report.